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Horizontal Milling Machine Horizontal Milling Machine

Horizontal Milling Machine

The difference between the vertical and horizontal mills is in the position of cutters.

In case of horizontal mill they are positioned on a horizontal arbor, across the x–y table, characteristic for as vertical as horizontal types of mills.

Another distinctive feature of the horizontal mills comparing to the vertical ones is the so-called universal table that is a built-in rotary table, irreplaceable for milling at different angles.

What is more, the horizontal mills possess so-called side and face mills, working on a principle of the circular saw but different in diameter and wider than the circular saw is.

A good arbor support and the larger cross-sectional area (comparing to an end mill) make it possible to hold heavy cutting operations at high material removal rates (for example, for milling grooves and slots). There are also plain mills for milling flat surfaces. If there is a need to mill the exceptional part with lots of slots and planes one can use a combination of different cutters placed on the arbor.

For making grooves, bevels, radii and other necessary sections there are so called special cutters, but their main drawback is their high price.

The number of the spindles (one or two) depends on what type of the mill you are working with (simplex or duplex respectively). A horizontal mill is more applicable for cutting gears. Having the power-take-off provision makes it possible to synchronize the table feed to a rotary fixture and process the spiral features (like hypoid gears for example).